How to Optimize Fertility in Males & Females

In this episode, I discuss the mechanisms by which human eggs and sperm are generated, the ovulatory/menstrual cycle, the conception process and overall fertility in males and females. I also explain how, regardless of whether you seek to conceive children, optimizing egg and sperm health is directly related to vitality and longevity. I cover the nutrition-based, behavioral, supplement-based and prescription approaches to optimizing egg and sperm health, the ovulatory/menstrual cycle and fertility. In addition, I explain lifestyle choices that greatly assist or harm fertility—several of which are very surprising. I provide science-based protocols for those trying to conceive children. The tools and principles I discuss can also improve overall vitality and longevity in all people, regardless of age.  For the full show notes, visit Thank you to our sponsors AG1 (Athletic Greens): Maui Nui: Eight Sleep: InsideTracker: Supplements from Momentous Timestamps (00:00:00) Fertility, Vitality & Longevity (00:04:24) Maui Nui Venison, Eight Sleep, Momentous (00:08:20) Eggs & Sperm, Genes, Fertilization (00:18:28) Puberty: Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH), Melatonin & Leptin (00:23:38) Onset Trends of Puberty, Odors Effects (00:31:24) Female Puberty, Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) (00:35:25) AG1 (Athletic Greens) (00:36:34) Ovulatory & Menstrual Cycle (00:40:36) Follicular Phase: Egg Maturation & Ovulation, FSH & Estrogen (00:51:09) Luteal Phase: Progesterone & Estrogen, Menstruation (00:58:14) Ovulation & Libido; Luteal Phase & Malaise; Individual Variability (01:03:14) InsideTracker (01:04:18) Sex Chromosomes, Sperm (01:11:40) Tool: Testicular Temperature & Fertility (01:17:22) Sperm Production, Seminal Fluid, Vasectomy (01:24:07) Sperm Cells, Mitochondria & Motility, Intercourse Frequency & Fertilization (01:28:31) Sperm Production, GnRH, FSH, LH & Testosterone (01:36:21) Ejaculate Quality, Sperm Counts, Fertilization, Ectopic Pregnancy (01:44:14) Tool: Sexual Intercourse Frequency & Fertilization (01:53:24) Tools: Tracking Ovulation, Libido, Lubricants (01:56:42) Fecundability: Egg Quality & Woman’s Age, Cumulative Pregnancy Rate (02:08:17) Miscarriages, Chromosomal Abnormalities (02:11:23) Female Fertility: Age, Follicle Testing & Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Testing (02:18:51) Male Fertility: Sperm Analysis, Age (02:24:52) Fertility & Hormone Analysis, Age (02:29:07) Fertility Effects of Sleep, Cortisol/Stress, Cannabis/Nicotine & Alcohol (02:42:40) Fertility, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Viral Infection & Cystic Fibrosis (02:47:42) Tool: Testicular Temperature & Fertility (02:51:26) Tool: Phones & Sperm Quality (02:58:06) Deliberate Cold Exposure & Fertility, Testicular Temperature, Cortisol/Stress (03:05:43) Fertility, Exercise & Mitochondrial Health; Intermittent Fasting (03:14:46) Testosterone Replacement Therapy & Sperm Production; Supplements (03:20:36) Sex Determination in Offspring, In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), Sperm Fractions (03:32:23) Postcoital Female Position & Fertilization, Sperm Quality (03:36:57) Cannabis & Sperm Motility, Libido, Pregnancy (03:42:33) Acupuncture, Fertility & Pregnancy (03:49:25) Fertility Supplements: L-Carnitine & Allicin, Coenzyme Q10 (03:56:18) Fertility Supplements: Inositol, Omega 3 Fatty Acids (04:02:50) Supplements for Hormones: Tongkat Ali, Shilajit, Zinc (04:13:02) Fertility & Prescription Medications (04:16:44) Human Reproduction & Fertility (04:20:12) Zero-Cost Support, YouTube Feedback, Spotify & Apple Reviews, Sponsors, Momentous, Social Media, Neural Network Newsletter Disclaimer Title Card Photo Credit: Mike Blabac

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Huberman Lab discusses neuroscience: how our brain and its connections with the organs of our body control our perceptions, our behaviors, and our health. We also discuss existing and emerging tools for measuring and changing how our nervous system works. Dr. Andrew Huberman is a tenured professor of neurobiology and ophthalmology at Stanford School of Medicine. His laboratory studies neural regeneration, neuroplasticity, and brain states such as stress, focus, fear, and optimal performance. For more than 20 years, Dr. Huberman has consistently published original research findings and review articles in top-level peer-reviewed journals, including Nature, Science, Cell, Neuron, and Current Biology. He is a regular member of several National Institutes of Health review panels and a Fellow of the McKnight Foundation and the Pew Charitable Trusts. Dr. Huberman regularly consults for technology development companies, professional athletic organizations, and various units of U.S. and Canadian Special Operations.